Q&A: excluded income and dividends
3 Mar 2020
In our regular Q&A series from Croner Taxwise, tax adviser, Ghulam Mustafa assess the income tax liability of a non-resident who receives UK dividends from their investments
3 Mar 2020
Q. My client is a non-resident in receipt of UK dividends and is also a partner of a UK trading partnership which also receives UK dividends from its investments. I note s811 Income Tax Act (ITA 2007), limits the amount of tax the individual pays in the UK by disregarding the dividend income. Does this mean no income tax is due on the personal and partnership dividends?
A. S811 ITA 2007 places a limit on the UK tax liability of an individual who is not a resident in the UK. It only applies if the individual is non-resident for the whole of the tax year and does not apply in split years.
You need to prepare two tax calculations:
- the ‘normal’ tax calculation which takes into account the individual’s taxable income less personal allowances (assuming personal allowances are available – not always the case); and
- the tax calculation in which certain income will be disregarded under s811 ITA 2007 to calculate the tax liability without personal allowance.
The overall tax liability would be whichever result is the lower. HMRC has some guidance at Savings and Investment Manual (SAIM1170) and in Non-residents savings and investment income (self assessment helpsheet HS300.
In s813 Income Tax Act (ITA 2007) it defines disregarded income, to include:
- income from annual payments such as royalties;
- dividends from UK-resident companies;
- purchased life annuity payments;
- profits from deeply discounted securities;
- income from unit trusts;
- some social security benefits (such as the state pension); and
- retirement annuities
In addition, where a non-resident receives dividends from UK companies, they are treated as having paid tax at the dividend ordinary rate (,ie, 7.5%) on the amount of the dividend – s399 Income Tax (Trading and Other Income) Act (ITTOIA 2005) – see Savings and Investment Manual (SAIM5120).
However, if a non-resident is running a business through a partnership with a UK permanent establishment, then the UK partnership would be a representative of each non-resident partner (s835C and s835E Income Tax Act (ITA 2007). Therefore, s813(2) ITA 2007 applies and that partnership income cannot be disregarded.
As a UK representative, the partners are jointly liable for the tax payable by the non-resident partners on their share of the partnership income.
Therefore, partnerships with non-resident partners usually have arrangements in place to cover possible liabilities which the UK resident partners may be asked by HMRC to pay. HMRC’s guidance is at International Manual (INTM268020).
About the author
Ghulam Mustafa, tax adviser at Croner Taxwise, tel: 0844 892 2470
This article first appeared on Croner Taxwise