Puppy farm crackdown yields £5m in unpaid tax

A specialist HMRC taskforce has collected over £5m in taxes by tackling dishonest dog breeders, as part of wider initiatives designed to crack down on selling puppies on the black market

HMRC set up the taskforce in October 2015 after discussions with animal welfare groups suggested tens of thousands of puppies were being reared in unregulated conditions and sold illicitly every year.

Officers uncovered fraudsters selling puppies on a mass scale and for a huge profit, but because of the underground nature of the activity, failing to declare their sales.

As a result of the taskforce’s efforts, two unconnected puppy breeders in the west of Scotland were handed tax bills of £425,000 and £337,000, while a puppy dealer in the east of Scotland was asked for more than £400,000.

A dealer in Northern Ireland told to pay £185,000 in tax, a Somerset puppy breeder was given a £114,000 bill, and a puppy breeder in Swansea was ordered to pay £110,000.

A puppy breeder in the Midlands who was former Crufts judge, given a £185,000 bill.

Several arrests have been made in relation to the taskforce’s work over the past four years. Durham kennel owner Kevin Knox pleaded guilty to the fraudulent evasion of tax and VAT in March 2018.

HMRC has recovered £5,393,035 in lost taxes from 257 separate cases since the formation of the taskforce.

HMRC is also involved in Operation Delphin, which is a multi-agency collaboration across the UK and Ireland, designed to tackle illegal puppy smuggling and the consequences it brings. It is led by the Scottish SPCA and includes partners such as the RSPCA, Ulster SPCA, Dublin SPCA, Irish SPCA, HMRC, Border Force, and the police.

The head of the Scottish SPCA’s special investigations unit, who cannot be named due to his undercover operations, said: ‘Unfortunately, the puppy trade is big business with thousands of dogs being brought into the country each year, particularly from Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. It is a multi-million pound industry and many of these poor dogs are bred on large scale puppy farms with little to no regard for their welfare.

‘It’s a barbaric trade which commands huge profit from selling puppies. Often these puppies are kept in appalling conditions and this leads to injuries, health issues and behavioural problems. Some are so far gone that they pass away from complications due to the way they are bred and kept.’

Mel Stride, financial secretary to the Treasury, said: ‘It is utterly appalling that anyone would want to treat puppies in such an inhumane way and on such a scale. It’s also deeply unfair to all of the legitimate businesses who do pay the right tax, and the total recovered by the taskforce is equivalent to the annual salaries for more than 200 newly qualified teachers.

‘We continue to work hard with other government agencies and our partners to tackle these traders.’

Pat Sweet

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